By Erna E. Kritzinger
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Extra resources for A Colour Atlas of Optic Disc Abnormalities
Uveitis that has been inactive without treatment for at least 3 months and then recurs is termed recurrent. 2 ● Grading and Classification of Uveitis Classification of uveitis Acute Chronic HLA-B27 Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome Toxoplasmosis retinochoroiditis Acute retinal necrosis Traumatic uveitis APMPPE, MEWDS Juvenile idiopathic arthritis Birdshot retinochoroidopathy Serpiginous choroiditis Sympathetic ophthalmia Sarcoidosis Intermediate uveitis Intraocular lymphoma Granulomatous Nongranulomatous Sarcoidosis Sympathetic ophthalmia Phacoanaphylactic uveitis Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome Syphilis Tuberculosis Multiple sclerosis HLA-B27 Juvenile idiopathic arthritis Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis Herpes simplex virus Idiopathic Posner-Schlossman syndrome Birdshot retinochoroidopathy Anterior Uveitis Posterior Uveitis HLA-B27 Idiopathic anterior uveitis Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis Lens-induced uveitis Posner-Schlossman syndrome Sarcoidosis Syphilis Juvenile idiopathic arthritis Herpes virus associated anterior uveitis Toxoplasmosis retinochoroiditis Toxocariasis Serpiginous choroiditis APMPPE Acute retinal necrosis Birdshot retinochoroidopathy Intraocular lymphoma Multifocal choroiditis and panuveitis Cytomegalovirus retinitis Anterior Uveitis–Granulomatous Anterior Uveitis–Nongranulomatous Infections Tuberculosis Leprosy HSV, VZV Syphilis Lyme disease Catscratch disease Autoimmune Sarcoid Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome Sympathetic ophthalmia Wegener granulomatosis With iris atrophy HSV, VZV, EBV, CMV Syphilis Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis With keratitis HSV, VZV Sarcoidosis Syphilis Cogan syndrome Systemic lupus erythematosus Collagen vascular disease Inflammatory bowel disease With scleritis Systemic lupus erythematosus Wegener granulomatosis Polyarteritis nodosa Reiter syndrome HSV, VZV Syphilis Sarcoidosis Behçet disease Psoriatic arthritis Relapsing polychondritis 6 Intermediate Uveitis Panuveitis Sarcoidosis Inflammatory bowel disease Multiple sclerosis Lyme disease Pars planitis Syphilis Sarcoidosis Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome Infectious endophthalmitis Behçet disease APMPPE, Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy; CMV, cytomegalovirus; EBV, Epstein-Barr virus; HLA, human leukocyte antigen; HSV, herpes simplex virus; MEWDS, Multiple evanescent white dot syndrome; VZV, varicella zoster virus.
Birdshot retinochoroidopathy), and in this case, we generally forego a standardized descriptive term in favor of the common established name if (a) we have objective evidence of the disease in question (such as antitoxoplasma antibodies or herpes DNA) or are quite certain that not a soul would dispute the clinical diagnosis and (b) the named disease has only one form of presentation. Thus, we prefer Birdshot retinochoroidopathy to chronic, bilateral, nongranulomatous, posterior uveitis with multifocal choroiditis and retinal vasculitis in the setting of HLA-A29, and we prefer herpetic iritis to chronic, unilateral, granulomatous, anterior uveitis with sector iris atrophy.
Pathologic evaluation of ocular fluids or tissues is less common but helpful in the setting of suspected infection or malignancy. T 5 molecules are eliminated by the kidneys in approximately 36 hours. Phases of FA ● ● FLUORESCEIN ANGIOGRAM Fluorescein angiogram (FA) makes use of the fact that the chemical sodium fluorescein absorbs light at one wavelength and emits it at another, such that projected and emitted light can be viewed separately using a filter. This is the most common dye used for the study of retinal vascular diseases and posterior uveitic disorders.
A Colour Atlas of Optic Disc Abnormalities by Erna E. Kritzinger