By Edward Erwin
More than a century has handed for the reason that Sigmund Freud begun his groundbreaking paintings in psychoanalysis but there isn't any consensus approximately his legacy; as an alternative there's continual confrontation not just approximately Freud's recognition and position in heritage yet concerning the right criteria to take advantage of in comparing his thought and therapy.
This e-book develops epistemological criteria for Freudian psychology and offers a complete review of, and doubtless ultimate, verdict on Freud's conception and remedy. not like the other assessment released so far, it encompasses a systematic dialogue of either the Freudian experimental and non-experimental proof and the correct criteria for examining the evidence.
Part I considers the view that Freud's idea may be judged via precise evidential criteria deemed acceptable for judging hypotheses of common-sense psychology. Edward Erwin argues by contrast view and for the employment of criteria appropriate to causal hypotheses of either the common and social sciences. Erwin additionally addresses different concerns approximately criteria corresponding to the necessity for experimental facts, using placebo controls, the correct targets of psychotherapy, and using meta-analysis in studying end result data.
The criteria built partly I of the ebook are utilized in half II in comparing the easiest to be had Freudian evidence.
A Bradford Book
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Additional resources for A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology
Putting aside doubts about how representative the case is, does Freud attempt to explain by offering a redescription? Does he say, as Nussbaum puts it (201), that what the woman was “really doing” was restoring her husband’s honor or pride? He does not; the “really doing” locution is Nussbaum’s. Instead, Freud explains the obsessional behavior by referring to the woman’s preconscious wish to mitigate her husband’s embarrassment. In doing so, Freud is giving a causal explanation. He is not saying merely that the wish was present when the action was performed; he is also implying that it made a difference to what the woman did.
He presents two versions of that pattern and claims that both are valid. His second version, however, does not contain a premise and conclusion (it consists of a single statement). For that reason, I will examine only the ªrst (176): Abductive premise: It is surprising that S’s (= the woman’s) behavior manifests features F1, F2. . Fn. Abductive premise: It is unlikely (= not to be expected) that S’s behavior should show so many features F1, F2. Fn that could derive from M without being so derived.
These and other cases (Grünbaum, 1990) support the following contentions. First, thematic afªnity by itself is not generally evidence of a causal connection. Second, it is not generally evidence of such a connection even when the degree of meaning kinship is very high. If we accept these two points, however, a problem arises, as several philosophers have pointed out (Levy 1988, 212–213; Sachs 1989, 374– 377; Hopkins 1988). How do we account for our knowledge of a causal connection in cases of commonsense psychology where there is a meaning afªnity between A and B but no experimental evidence that the ªrst caused the second?
A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology by Edward Erwin