By David Mamet
American Buffalo is taken into account a vintage of the yankee theater. Newsweek acclaimed Mamet because the “hot younger American playwright . . . a person to watch." the recent York instances exclaimed in admiration: “The guy can write!" different critics referred to as the play “a sizzler," “super," and “dynamite."
A vintage tragedy, American Buffalo is the tale of 3 males suffering within the pursuit in their distorted imaginative and prescient of the yank Dream. by way of turns touching and cynical, poignant and violent, American Buffalo is a piercing tale of the way humans should be corrupted into betraying their beliefs and people they love.
The play received the new york Drama Critics Circle Award for most sensible play of the 1977 season & used to be nominated for 2 Tony Awards: most sensible path of a Play & most sensible Scenic layout (Santo Loquasto). It obtained 4 Drama table Award nominations, together with awesome New American Play. The 1983 revival was once nominated for the Tony Award, most sensible copy & the Drama table Award, notable Actor in a Play (Pacino). In 1976 the play gained an Obie Award for top new play.
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Extra resources for American Buffalo: A Play
In summary, it appears from the visual and documentary record that two main initiation or offering traditions have influenced the development of the modern equator crossing ceremony. One from France has foundations in a religious ceremony drawing on votive offerings and Catholic baptisms for pietistic thanksgivings to God and the sea, which subsequently became symbolically inverted the further out to sea the voyages and the demarcation lines of passage went. The other, probably from the Netherlands, is based on punishments and hazing for criminals, novices, and apprentices, and especially makes use of ducking from the yardarm or keelhauling.
The frequent location of equator crossing rituals in Pacific waters on the other side of the world from Europe has caused some ethnologists to look for a connection to European colonialism. Part of the reversed world that exists in the ceremony is one contrasting the civilized ways of the wogs to the savage or primitive ways of people along the equator, since some of the costuming that occurs by shellbacks is in native garb or even blackface. The natives are therefore scary figures, or bogeymen, announcing a suspension of manners of home, and reinforcing another contrast in skimpy attire of the heat of the destination to the cold climates and full dress of Europe and their association with personal privacy, repression of sexuality, and self-restraint.
In an adaptation of a ‘gauntlet’ often part of the equator crossing initiation, when women approached a group of men, men would line up on either side of the hallway and start grabbing their breasts, buttocks, and crotch area as they tried to make their way down the hallway. Questions arose whether the ritual, allegedly ‘over-masculinized’ traditions of the Navy fostered this behavior described as misogynistic debauchery. Although defenders noted that Tailhook was an event with its own legacy unrelated to dignified Naval traditions, others singled out the Navy among the branches for creating a hypermasculine culture dependent on the degradation of women.
American Buffalo: A Play by David Mamet