By Michael Otterman
George W. Bush calls them an "alternative set of procedures": forcing sufferers to face for 40 hours; depriving them of sleep for weeks on finish; and strapping prisoners to vulnerable forums, then flooding their mouths with water. those ideas are torture, and they're criminal within the United States.
Michael Otterman finds the lengthy heritage of U.S. torture. He exhibits how those approaches grew to become commonplace perform in today's struggle on terror. before everything, the CIA established their ideas at the strategies in their enemies, the Nazis, Soviets, and chinese language. Billions of bucks have been spent learning, refining, then instructing those recommendations to interrogators charged with maintaining communism at bay. They produced approach manuals that have been utilized in Vietnam, Latin the US, and in different places. because the chilly warfare ended, those tortures---engineered to go away deep mental wounds yet few actual scars---were legalized utilizing the very legislation that have been designed to remove their use. After Sept. 11, they have been revived back to be used on enemy opponents detained in America's tremendous gulag of prisoners around the globe---from mystery CIA black websites in Thailand to the prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Michael Otterman indicates that those interrogation equipment violate greater than overseas legislation and primary human rights. They radicalize enemies, undermine credibility, and yield unreliable intelligence. they don't make us extra secure. They make us much less safe.
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Extra resources for American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond
According to an air intelligence officer at Stead: ‘First we teach them not to talk. ’The interrogation phase of the Stead SERE course lasted thirty-six hours. Newsweek’s Peter Wyden dramatically recounted what he saw on a visit in August 1955: The lieutenant was young and frail. There had been a time when he had eaten, washed, and slept, but that had been in some other life many nightmares ago. Stripped to his shorts, he stood on the crude wooden floor with his knees slightly bent. It did not look like an uncomfortable position, but the pain in his legs became worse and worse.
In particular, 39 per cent of the 3323 Army prisoners signed propaganda petitions, 22 per cent made voice recordings, 11 per cent wrote pro-Communist articles, 5 per cent wrote petitions, and another 5 per cent helped to circulate the petitions. One flier who co-operated was Colonel Frank Schwable, chief of staff of the First Marine Aircraft Wing. On 8 July 1942, Schwable was shot down over North Korean territory. Nearly eight months later, China’s Radio Peiping broadcast a four-hour, 6000-word statement attributed to Schwable.
Before entering the box, students were fitted with goggles that diffused light and prevented patterned vision. Gloves and cardboard cuffs limited perception by touch while hearing was cut off by way of a U-shaped foam-rubber pillow placed around the subject’s head. Fans and air-conditioners were then turned on to diffuse sound further. Once they were wearing the isolation suit, students were asked to lie comfortably on a bed inside the box. The box remained lit twentyfour hours a day and communications were conducted via tiny speakers embedded in the foam pillow.
American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond by Michael Otterman